What is a sprain?
A sprain is a trauma of one or more ligaments which causes overstretching following a movement beyond the limits of their capacity. A ligament is made of very resistant tissue which joins bones together and plays a key role in the stability of a joint. The articulation (joint) most commonly affected by sprains is the ankle.
What are the most common signs and symptoms of a sprain?
- Pain and swelling at the site of the sprain
- Difficulty moving the articulation without increasing pain
- In the case of a lower limb sprain (knee, ankle), there is pain and difficulty walking
What causes a sprain?
Causes of sprains are numerous: a twisting or excessive movement beyond the physiological range, extreme tension or even a direct hit. Sprains are classified into three levels:
Grade 1-a stretching of the ligament causing pain but no tear; Grade 2-a significant stretching with partial tearing of the fibers; Grade 3-complete rupture of the ligament with possible bone damage. The recurrence of sprains is common.
Physiotherapists are there for you!
Physiotherapists will be able to give you the best treatments to heal your sprain as well as the best exercises to avoid a recurrence. In this way you can walk, run or skate without pain or apprehension.